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علی مشهدی مریم حسن‌زاده‌اول مهدی عبداله‌زاده رافی

چکیده

هدف: تعیین عوامل فردی و اجتماعی متمایزکننده نوجوانان آزاردیده هیجانی تاب‌آور از غیر تاب‌آور.


روش: جامعه این پژوهش را کلیه دانش‌آموزان متوسطه اول شهر جاجرم تشکیل می‌داد که تعداد آن‌ها ۵۱۶ نفر بود. با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های آزاردیدگی هیجانی، مقیاس تاب‌آوری در برابر ضربه، خودگزارش­دهی نوجوان آخن‌باخ و آزمون هوش وکسلر، داده‌ها گردآوری شدند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل تمیزی استفاده شد.


یافته­ ها: عوامل فردی (به‌جز هوش) و عوامل اجتماعی (به‌جز روابط حمایتی با همسالان و مشارکت فعال در جامعه) در دو گروه نوجوانان آزاردیده تاب‌آور و غیر تاب‌آور متفاوت بودند (۰٫۰۵p<). همچنین، تابع تشخیصی توانست بین دو گروه نوجوانان تاب‌آور و غیر تاب‌آور تمیز قائل شود و ۲۰٫۲ درصد از تغییرات تاب‌آوری را تبیین کند. برخورداری بیشتر از برخی از عوامل حفاظتی فردی مانند حل مسئله، خوش‌بینی، ساختار اعتقادی، خودتنظیمی و عزت‌نفس، همچنین عوامل حفاظتی اجتماعی از قبیل عملکرد تحصیلی حمایت‌شده و حمایت/ امنیت محله به نوجوانان کمک می‌کند در برابر آزار هیجانی والدین از خود تاب‌آوری نشان دهند.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

تاب‌آوری, عوامل حفاظتی, آزاردیدگی

مراجع
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ارجاع به مقاله
مشهدیع., حسن‌زاده‌اولم., & عبداله‌زاده رافیم. (۱۳۹۷-۱۱-۰۳). اثر عوامل فردی و اجتماعی متمایزکننده نوجوانان آزاردیده هیجانی تاب‌آور از غیر تاب‌آور. پژوهش های روان‌شناسی بالینی و مشاوره, 8(2), 23-42. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijap.v8i2.64500
نوع مقاله
پژوهشی