نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته/دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 دانشیار/ دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

3 دانش آموخته/ دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر آموزش ذهن آگاهی بر اضطراب و حافظه کاری با مدّنظر قرار دادن نقش نگرانی و نشخوار فکری بود.
روش: روش پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون سه گروهی بود. جامعه­ی آماری پژوهش را تمامی دانش­آموزان دختر مقطع یازدهم و دوازدهم شهرستان قروه در سال تحصیلی1394 -95 تشکیل می­دادند. از میان این جامعه آماری، با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند، 93 دانش­آموز که اضطراب بالاتر از متوسط را تجربه می کردند، انتخاب  شدند و به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه آزمایشی، دارونما و کنترل گمارش شدند. به گروه آزمایش هشت جلسه برنامه کاهش استرس مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی و به گروه دارونما هشت جلسه زبان انگلیسی آموزش داده شد. گروه کنترل هیچگونه آموزشی را دریافت نکردند. به منظور جمع‌آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه اضطراب اسپیلبرگر، مقیاس پاسخ نشخوار فکری، پرسشنامه نگرانی ایالت پنسیلوانیا و آزمون گام‌به‌گام جمع­بندی توالی شنیداری استفاده شد. داده ­ها از طریق آزمون تحلیل واریانس مختلط بین– درون‌گروهی (SPANOVA) مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ ها: یافته­ ها نشان داد که بین گروه­های آزمایش، دارونما و کنترل در زمینه متغیرهای پژوهش تفاوت معناداری وجود داشته است، بدین صورت که آموزش برنامه کاهش استرس مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی در کاهش اضطراب، نشخوار فکری، نگرانی و افزایش عملکرد حافظه کاری تأثیرگذار بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training on Anxiety and Working Memory: Attention to the Role of Worry and Rumination

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Ranjkesh 1
  • Tahereh Elahi 2
  • Zekrollah Morvvati 2
  • kobra Ghasemi 3

1 GraduateUniversity of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 َAssociate Professor University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

3 GraduateUniversity of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose:  The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness training on anxiety and working memory by taking the role of worry and rumination into consideration.
Method:  The method of this study was quasi-experimental with a three-group pre-test/post-test design. The research statistical population consisted of all eleventh and twelfth grade female students in Qorveh city in the academic year 2015-16. From this population, using purposive sampling method, 93 students who had above-average anxiety scores were selected and randomly assigned to three groups: experimental, placebo, and control. The experimental group received eight training sessions of mindfulness-based stress reduction program. The placebo group received eight training sessions of the English language and the control group received no training. Data were collected using Spielberger Anxiety Inventory, Rumination-Reflection Scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test. The data were analyzed by SPANOVA statistical method.
Findings: The results indicated significant differences between the experimental, placebo, and control groups in all the variables of interest. It was specified that mindfulness-based stress reduction program was influential in reducing anxiety, rumination, and worry, and increasing working memory performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mindfulness
  • anxiety
  • rumination
  • Working memory
  • worry
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