نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد علوم شناختی/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی/دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی/دانشگاه تربیت مدرس و دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی روان‌درمانی بدنی بر بهبود و ارتقاء سطح بازداری و توجه دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی انجام شده است.             
روش: طرح پژوهش از نوع شبه‌آزمایشی همراه با پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل دانش آموزان ابتدایی 4 مدرسه دولتی (دو پسرانه- دو دخترانه) در ناحیه 6 شهر مشهد بود که در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 مشغول به تحصیل بودند. 44 نفر از دانش‌آموزان به شیوه ی نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب و در دو گروه (12نفر پسر و 10 نفر دختر در گروه آزمایش، 11 نفر پسر و 11 نفر دختر در گروه کنترل) به صورت تصادفی قرار گرفتند. دوره‌ی روان‌درمانی بدنی برای گروه آزمایش در 36 جلسه 60 دقیقه‌ای به مدت 3 ماه ارائه گردید و در این مدت گروه کنترل در لیست انتظار قرار  گرفت. ابزارهای سنجش مورد استفاده در این پژوهش آزمون‌های رایانه‌ای کلمه- رنگ استروپ (word-color Stroop)  و عملکرد پیوسته (CPT) بود. داده‌ها با آزمون آماری تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری وt  مستقل و به کمک نرم‌افزار SPSS-23  تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که دانش‌آموزان گروه آزمایش در مؤلفه‌های آزمون‌های رایانه‌ای استروپ و عملکرد پیوسته، نسبت به گروه کنترل به شکل معناداری عملکرد بهتری داشته‌اند (05/0p<). یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که روان درمانی بدنی روشی مؤثر برای بهبود و ارتقاء سطح بازداری و توجه دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapy on Improving the Level of Inhibition and Attention of Elementary Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Ghanaei chamanabad 1
  • Imanollah Bigdeli 2
  • Seyyed Kazem Rasoolzadeh Tabatabaei 3

1 Master of Cognitive Science/Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Professor ,Department of Psychology /Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology/Tarbiat Modares University and Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Body Psychotherapy on improving the level of inhibition and attention of elementary students.
Method: The study design was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of elementary students studying at four public schools (2 boy specific - 2 girl specific) in Mashhad during 2018-2019 school year. Using Convenience sampling method, 44 elementary students were selected and randomly assigned to two groups (12 boys and 10 girls in the experimental group, 11 boys and 11 girls in the control group). The experimental group received thirty-six 60-min sessions of Body Psychotherapy for three months during which the control group was placed on the waiting list. The measuring tools used in this study were computerized tests of Word-Color Stroop and Continuous Performance. Data were analyzed using MANCOVA and independent t-test.
Findings: The results showed that students in the experimental group significantly outperformed those in control group in the components of Word-Color Stroop and CPT tests (p>0.05). The findings suggest that Body Psychotherapy is an effective way to improve the level of inhibition and attention of elementary students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body Psychotherapy
  • Inhibition
  • attention
  • Elementary Students
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