نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مشاوره / دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

2 استادیارگروه روانشناسی/دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

3 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد/ دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد /سازمان بهزیستی، اورژانس اجتماعی، میبد، ایران

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تأثیر درمان وجودی بر بخشش زناشویی و عملکرد خانواده در زنان آسیب­دیده از خیانت زناشویی انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش حاضر در چارچوب یک مطالعۀ آزمایشی تک موردی در چهار زن آسیب­دیده از خیانت عاطفی زناشویی مراجعه کننده به اورژانس اجتماعی شهرستان میبدکه به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شده بودند، انجام شد. از مقیاس‌های بخشش در خانواده و خرده مقیاس عملکرد کلی خانواده مقیاس سنجش خانواده مک‌مستر در طی مراحل خط پایه، درمان و پیگیری استفاده شد. مداخله طی 8 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای به صورت فردی به شرکت‌کنندگان ارائه شد و سنجش در چهار مرحله خط پایه، چهار مرحله درمان و دو مرحله پیگیری انجام شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها نیز از روش تحلیل نموداری، تعیین درصد بهبودی و شاخص تغییر پایا استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که پیشرفت‌های بالینی و آماری معنی‌داری در افزایش بخشش و عملکرد خانواده بعد از درمان به دست آمده است. در مدت دو ماه پیگیری نیز پیشرفت‌های به دست آمده در طول درمان حفظ شده بود که بیانگر پایداری اثرات درمان بود. با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده، حمایتی از تأثیر درمان وجودی بر افزایش حس بخشش زناشویی و عملکرد خانواده در زنان آسیب­دیده از خیانت عاطفی زناشویی فراهم شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of existential therapy on marital forgiveness and family function of women affected by marital infidelity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasser Rezapour Mirsaleh 1
  • Hamidreza Aryanpour 2
  • Raziyeh Amini 3
  • Tahereh Fallah 4

1 Associate Prf. Department of Counseling Ardaka University, Ardakan, Iran

2 Assistant Prof. Department of Psychology Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran

3 Master Graduated Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran

4 Master GraduatedWelfare Organization, Social Emergency, Meybod, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of present study was to investigate effectiveness of existential therapy on marital forgiveness and family function of women affected by marital infidelity.
Method: A single-case study design was used and four women affected by marital infidelity were selected through purposeful sampling method. The subjects completed the family forgiveness scale (Pollard & et al, 1998) and the general subscale of McMaster family assessment device (Epstein & et al, 1983) in baseline, treatment, and follow-up stages. The participants individually received 8-session intervention of existential therapy and the assessment was performed in four baseline stages, four treatment stages and two follow-up stages. The data were analyzed using graph analysis, improvement percentile rank and reliable change index.
Findings: The results showed clinically and statistically significant improvements in forgiveness and family functioning after receiving the treatment. After two months of follow-up, the differences were maintained, indicating the sustainability of the therapeutic effects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • existential therapy
  • Marital Forgiveness
  • family function
  • Infidelity
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