نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روانشناسی/واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره/,واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

هدف:. هدف مقاله حاضر مقایسه کارآمدی واقعیت درمانی گروهی با گروه درمانی شخص محور  بر هوش هیجانی و معناداری زندگی زندانیان بود.
روش: این مطالعه شبه آزمایشی از نوع پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون و پیگیری 3 ماهه بود که در هر هفته دو جلسه درمانی برای هر گروه  برگزار گردید . جامعه آماری کلیه زندانیان واحد مشاوره 2 زندان مشهد بودند . روش نمونه گیری هدفمند بود و در نهایت پس از دارا بودن معیارهای ورود، 45 نفر از زندانیان انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه واقعیت درمانی، درمان شخص محور و گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه­ آزمایش هر کدام 24 جلسه درمان دریافت کردند و گروه کنترل هیچ گونه مداخله ای را دریافت نکرد. شرکت کنندگان در سه مرحله به پرسشنامه­های هوش­هیجانی و معناداری زندگی پاسخ دادند.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که هر دو گروه واقعیت درمانی و شخص محور در مقایسه با گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری را در هوش هیجانی و معناداری زندگی زندانیان به وجود آورده اند و همچنین نتایج حاکی از تفاوت معنادار بین پس آزمون و پیگیری بود. همچنین مشخص شد که کارآمدی واقعیت درمانی درمقایسه با درمان شخص محور در افزایش معناداری زندگی زندانیان بیشتر بوده است (درمان شخص محور، 58/0=Ƞ2، 001/0=p، 94/38=F؛ واقعیت درمانی، 61/0=Ƞ2، 001/0=p، 31/45=F )، در حالی که در متغیر هوش هیجانی تفاوت معناداری در میزان کارآمدی بین این دو درمان وجود نداشت . این نتایج در مرحله پیگیری نیز، یکسان بودند (54/0=Ƞ2، 001/0=p، 80/32=F) و واقعیت درمانی (57/0=Ƞ2، 001/0=p، 97/37=F).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy and Group Person-Centered Therapy on Emotional Intelligence and Meaning of Life among Prisoners

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Bakhshi Pour 1
  • Vali Niknam Shahrak 2
  • Mahmoud Jajarmi 1

1 َAssistant professor of psychology departmentFaculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad university, Boujnord, Iran.

2 PHD student of counseling Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad university, Boujnord, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of group reality therapy with person-centered group therapy on the prisoners’ emotional intelligence and their meaning of life.
Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test and 3-month follow-up assessments. The statistical population was all prisoners in the counseling unit of Mashhad prison. The sampling method was purposeful and a total of 45 prisoners, who met the inclusion criteria, were selected and randomly divided into three groups: reality therapy, person-centered therapy and control group. Each of the experimental groups received 24 sessions of treatment (two sessions per week) and the control group did not receive any intervention. Participants answered the questionnaires of emotional intelligence and meaning in life in three stages.
Findings: The results showed that both reality therapy and person-centered groups led to a significant increase in emotional intelligence and meaningful life, compared to the control group. It was also found that reality therapy is more effective in increasing the meaning of prisoners' lives, compared to person-centered treatment. However, the results showed no significant difference in the effectiveness of two interventions on the prisoners’ emotional intelligence. These results remained unchanged in the follow-up stage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Reality Therapy
  • Person-Centered Therapy
  • group therapy
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Meaning of Life
  • Prisoners
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