نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مشاوره و روان شناسی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خیام، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش رویکرد هیجان مدار مبتنی بر رویکرد «محکم در آغوشم بگیر، رهایم کن» بر تنظیم هیجان و حل تعارض والد-نوجوان انجام گرفت.
روش: روش، نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون - پس‌آزمون و گروه کنترل با پیگیری سه‌ماهه بود. جامعه آماری دانش‌آموزان دختر 17-14 ساله نواحی هفت‌گانه شهر مشهد در سال تحصیلی 1400- 1399 (12018 نفر) بودند. با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای، هشت آموزشگاه مقطع متوسطه به‌صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. تعداد دانش‌آموزان این آموزشگاه ها (1425) نفر بودند. از پرسشنامه مقیاس نگرش به فرزند، نسخه‌ی مادر (CAMS) به‌عنوان آزمون غربالگری و با هدف شناسایی تعارضات والد-فرزندی استفاده شد. سپس از بین دانش‌آموزان داوطلب تعداد 30 دانش‌آموز همراه با مادر انتخاب شده و به‌صورت گزینش تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 15 زوج مادر-دختر) قرار گرفتند. جهت جمع‌آوری داده‌ها همچنین از دو پرسشنامه‌ی تاکتیک‌های تعارض موری اشتراوس (CP) فرم تعارض با والدین و مقیاس دشواری در تنظیم هیجان گراتز و رومئر (2004) به‌عنوان ابزار پژوهش استفاده گردید. هر دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل پرسشنامه‌های مذکور را تکمیل و سپس گروه آزمایش به مدت پنج جلسه در جلسات آموزشی رویکرد هیجان مدار مبتنی بر مدل «محکم در آغوشم بگیر، رهایم کن» آیکین و آیکین (2017) قرار گرفتند. سپس هر دو گروه پرسشنامه‌های پژوهش را به‌عنوان پس‌آزمون تکمیل و در نهایت، داده‌ها با تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS-21 تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد.
یافته­ ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که اثر زمان، گروه و تعامل زمان در گروه آزمایش برای مؤلفه‌های حل تعارض و رویکردهای تنظیم هیجان معنادار بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Therapy based on HMT.LMG Approach on Emotion Regulation and Resolving Parent-Adolescence Conflicts in Female Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Raziyeh Hafez Sherbaf 1
  • Bahramali Ghanbari Hashemabadi 2
  • Fatemeh Alidoosti 3

1 PhD student, counseling and psychology department, Bojnord branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnord, Iran

2 Professor, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khayyam University, Mashhad, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the emotion-focused therapy based on HMT.LMG approach (Hold Me Tight, Let Me Go) on regulating emotions and resolving parent-adolescent conflicts.
Method: The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and control group design and a three-month follow-up assessment. The statistical population consisted of all 12018 female students aged from 14 to 17 years who lived in Mashhad city and studied over the academic year of 2020-2021. The research sample was selected through the multi-stage randomized cluster sampling method. Eight high schools with a total population of 1425 students were randomly selected. The child's attitude towards mother scale (CAM) was used as the screening test in order to identify child-parent conflicts.  A number of 30 daughter-mother pairs were then selected and randomly assigned into the study groups. The difficulties in emotion regulation scale and parent-adolescence conflict version of conflict tactics scale were used to collect data. Both groups completed the questionnaires and the experimental group received the the emotion-focused therapy based on HMT.LMG approach for 5 sessions. The control group did not receive any intervention. Both groups were then asked to complete the research questionnaires for the post –test and follow-up phases. The data was analyzed by multivariate repeated measurments ANOVA method using SPSS21 software.
Findings: The findings showed that the effect of time, group, and time interaction in the experimental group was significant for resolving conflicts and regulating emotions capabilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • emotion-focused therapy
  • HMT.LMG approach
  • resolve Parent-Adolescence conflict
  • emotion regulation
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