نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف: هدف این پژوهش، بررسی رابطه منبع کنترل، نشخوار و نگرانی با افسردگی و اضطراب در افراد مبتلا به اختلالهای افسردگی مهاد و اضطرابی بود. در این پژوهش، علاوه بر سنجش رابطه متغیرها، نقش واسطه ای نشخوار و نگرانی در رابطه بین منبع کنترل با افسردگی و اضطراب نیز بررسی شد.
روش: یکصد و دوازده بیمار مبتلا به اختلال های افسردگی مهاد و اضطرابی (58 افسرده، 54 مضطرب) با تکمیل پرسشنامه منبع کنترل، مقیاس پاسخ های نشخواری، پرسشنامه نگرانی، مقیاس افسردگی بک و مقیاس اضطراب بک در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. داده ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل مسیر مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: نتایج حاصل از ضرایب همبستگی نشان داد که بین منبع کنترل، نشخوار و نگرانی با افسردگی و اضطراب رابطه معنادار وجود دارد. نتایج هم چنین نشان داد که متغیرهای نشخوار و نگرانی در رابطه بین منبع کنترل با افسردگی و اضطراب نقش واسطه ای دارند. از یافته های این پژوهش می توان نتیجه گرفت که رابطه بین منبع کنترل با افسردگی و اضطراب یک رابطه ساده نیست و متغیرهای دیگر، مثل نشخوار و نگرانی، می توانند در این رابطه نقش واسطه داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Meditating Role of Rumination and Worry on the Relationship between Locus of Control with Depression and Anxiety in a Sample of Depressed and Anxious Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Besharat
  • Somayeh Bagheri
  • Reza Rostami
  • Fahime Tavalaeyan

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relations of locus of control, rumination, and worry with depression and anxiety in a sample of depressed and anxious patients. A second purpose of the study was to examine the mediating role of rumination and worry on the relationship between locus of control with depression and anxiety.
Method: One hundred and twelve patients with major depression and anxiety disorders (58 depressed, 54 anxious) participated in this study. All participants were asked to complete Rotter΄s Locus of Control Scale, Response Styles Scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory.
Findings: The results revealed significant correlations between locus of control, rumination, and worry with depression and anxiety. Rumination and worry mediated the relationship between locus of control with depression and anxiety. On the basis of the results of the present study it can be concluded that the relation of locus of control with depression and anxiety is not a simple one but is mediated by other variables such as rumination and worry.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • locus of control
  • rumination
  • worry
  • depression
  • anxiety
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