نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو/دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استادیار/دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف:در دهه‌های اخیر روان‌شناسی مثبت‌گرا به‌ عنوان یک روش تأثیرگذار در حیطه روان‌شناسی قلمداد گردیده است. در این ‌بین عفو و گذشت و سپاسگزاری که موجب افزایش سطح سلامت روانی، جسمی و سازگاری اجتماعی افراد می شود، مورد نظر روان شناسان بوده است. لذا پژوهش حاضر بر آن است که تا چه حد عفووگذشت و سپاسگزاری می‌تواند بهزیستی روان‌شناختی افراد را پیش‌بینی کند.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع مطالعات توصیفی-همبستگی است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد بوده است که از بین آن ها 211 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری دردسترس به عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب گردیده است. به‌منظور جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از مقیاس عفووگذشت هارتلند،  پرسشنامه سپاسگزاری و مقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی ریف استفاده گردید.
یافته‌ها: نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که عفووگذشت و سپاسگزاری با بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دانشجویان رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارد.  عفووگذشت و سپاسگزاری روی هم رفته توانسته‌اند 0.304 از تغییرات بهزیستی روان‌شناختی را پیش‌بینی کنند.با توجه به نتایج پژوهش متغیرهای سپاسگزاری (بتای برابر با 0.345) و عفووگذشت (بتای برابر با 0.306) به ترتیب نقش مؤثری در پیش‌بینی بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دانشجویان ایفا نموده اند.

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کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Prediction of Psychological Well-Being by Exploring the Role of Forgiveness and Gratitude

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Hooshmand kang sofla 1
  • Majid Moeenizadeh 2
  • sayed Mohammad saleh Tabatabaei 1

1 Student/Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Assistant Professor/ Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

چکیده [English]

Purpose: In recent decades, positive psychology has been considered as an effective method in psychology. In the meantime, forgiveness and gratitude, which are assumed to increase individuals’ mental and physical health and social adjustment, have been of interest to psychologists. Therefore, this study examined the extent to which forgiveness and gratitude can predict psychological well-being.
Methods: This research was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population of this study consisted of all students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, from which 211 students were selected as the research sample using available sampling method. In order to collect data, the Heartland’s Scale of Forgiveness, Gratitude Questionnaire, and the Ryff’s Scale of Psychological Well-being were utilized.
Findings: The results of this study showed that forgiveness and gratitude have significant positive relationships with psychological well-being in students. Forgiveness and gratitude totally predicted 0.304 of changes in psychological well-being. According to the results of this study, gratitude (beta=0.345) and forgiveness (beta=0.306), respectively, play an important role in predicting students’ psychological well-being.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • forgiveness
  • Gratitude
  • psychological well-being
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