نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو/دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استاد/دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 دانشیار/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

4 دانشکده پزشکی /دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مشهد

چکیده

هدف: هدف مطالعه حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی درمان شناختی‌ـ ‌رفتاری و بازتاب درمانی در کاهش وزن و اضطراب افراد چاق بود.
روش: روش این پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی و از نوع تک آزمودنی A-B-A بود. چهار نفر از مراجعان درمان چاقی که به پلی کلینیک روان‌شناختی دانشگاه مراجعه کردند و چهار نفر از مراجعان کلینیک بازتاب درمانی جهت شرکت در این مطالعه انتخاب شدند. همه آزمودنی ها 30 ≤ BMI داشتند. مراجعان پلی کلینیک روان‌شناختی تحت درمان شناختی‌ـ رفتاری و مراجعان کلینیک بازتاب درمانی تحت بازتاب درمانی به روش سوجوک قرار گرفتند. در خط پایه، پایان درمان و دو ماه بعد از درمان، میزان اضطراب آزمودنی‌ها به‌وسیله پرسشنامه اضطراب بک (BAI) و وزن آن‌ها به‌وسیله یک ترازوی دیجیتال اندازه‌گیری شد. سپس داده ها با استفاده از ضریب تغییر پایا و درصد بهبودی مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که هر دو روش درمانی منجر به کاهش وزن می‌شوند و این کاهش در مورد بازتاب درمانی با سرعت بیشتری در مقایسه با درمان شناختی‌ـ رفتاری رخ می‌دهد. با این حال در مرحله پیگیری کاهش وزن در درمان شناختی‌ـ رفتاری بیشتر از بازتاب درمانی مشاهده شد. همچنین یافته ها نشان داد که هر دو روش درمانی منجر به کاهش اضطراب می شوند هر چند این کاهش فقط در درمان شناختی‌ـ رفتاری معنادار بود.

تازه های تحقیق

 

 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Cognitive‌-Behavior Therapy and Reflective Therapy on Weight Loss and Anxiety in Obese People

نویسندگان [English]

  • samineh eskandari 1
  • Hamid Reza Aghamohammadian Sharbaf 2
  • Hossien Kareshki 3
  • Abdolhossein Aghamohammadin sharbaf 4

1 Student/ Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Professor/ Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Associate P./Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

4 Islamic Azad University Mashhad Branch

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and reflection therapy in weight loss and anxiety in obese people.
Method: The method of the study was quasi-experimental and single-subject A-B-A design. Four of the obesity treatment clients who referred to the University Psychological Clinic and four of the obesity treatment clients who referred to the Reflective Therapy Clinic were selected to participate in this study. All of the participants showed BMI ≥ 30. The clients of University Psychological Clinic received Cognitive­­-Behavioral Therapy and the clients of Reflective Therapy Clinic received Sojouq Reflex Therapy. At baseline, end of treatment, and two months after treatment, the participants’ levels of anxiety were measured using Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and their weight changes were measured using a digital scale. The data was then analyzed using reliable change index and recovery percentages.
Findings: The results showed that both methods lead to weight loss, and the reduction occurs more rapidly in Reflection Therapy compared to Cognitive­-Behavioral Therapy. However, at the follow-up stage, weight loss was observed more in Cognitive­-Behavioral Therapy compared to reflective therapy. Anxiety was also reduced in both treatment modalities; however, the reduction was significant only in Cognitive­-Behavioral Therapy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
  • Reflexology
  • Weight loss
  • anxiety
  • obesity
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