نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو/ دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار/ دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار / دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی اثربخشی درمان مواجهه‌ای مبتنی بر واقعیت مجازی بر کاهش اضطراب سخنرانی در جمع دانشجویان خوابگاهی بود.
روش: روش پژوهش این مطالعه از  توع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون و یک گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری این تحقیق شامل کلیه دانشجویان خوابگاهی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی تهران در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 بود که تعداد 30 نفر از آن‌ها با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) جایگزین شدند. به گروه آزمایش هشت جلسه درمان مواجهه‌ای مبتنی بر واقعیت مجازی ارائه شد و گروه کنترل مداخله ای دریافت نکردند. از پرسشنامه مقیاس اضطراب سخنرانی در جمع جهت جمع آوری داده ها در دو مرحله پیش از مداخله و پس از مداخله استفاده شد. دادها با استفاده از روش آماری تحلیل واریانس تک متغیره مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل دهنده تفاوت معناداری بین گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل بود (01/0 p <). ایافته‌ها نشان داد که درمان مواجهه‌ای مبتنی بر واقعیت مجازی به منظور کاهش اضطراب سخنرانی در جمع دانشجویان خوابگاهی موثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy on Public Speaking Anxiety in University Dormitory Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Khoshnama 1
  • Ahmad Borjali 2
  • Noorali Farrokhi 3

1 ُStudentAllame Tabatabai University,Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor Allame Tabatabai University,Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor Allame Tabatabai University,Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) on reducing public speaking anxiety in dormitory students.
Method: The research methodology was a semi-experimental design with pretest-posttest and a control group. The research statistical population consisted of all dormitory students of Allameh Tabataba'i University in the academic year of 2017-2018. Of these, using purposive sampling technique, thirty students who met the research criteria and experienced high levels of public speaking anxiety were selected and randomly assigned into two groups: the experimental group (15 individuals) and the control group (15 individuals). The experimental group received eight sessions of VRET while the control group received no intervention. Data were collected using Public Speaking Anxiety Scale (PSAS: Bartholomay & Houlihan, 2016) in two stages of pretest and post-test. The data were then analyzed using ANCOVA statistical method.
Findings: The results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (p<0.001) indicating that VRET is beneficial for reducing public speaking anxiety of dormitory students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • virtual reality
  • exposure therapy
  • public speaking anxiety
  • student. Dormitory
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