نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روانشناسی بالینی/ دانشگاه بین المللی امام رضا(ع)، مشهد، ایران

2 استاد/گروه روانشناسی. پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه، قم، ایران

3 دانشیار/گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی ،مشهد

4 استاد/ گروه روانشناسی. دانشگاه بقیه الله. تهران. ایران

چکیده

هدف: خودکشی یکی از علل اصلی مرگ‌ومیر در جهان است. با توجه به اهمیت شناسایی افراد در معرض خطر خودکشی، وجود ابزار سنجشی معتبر در این زمینه  ضرورت دارد. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ساختار عاملی و ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی مقیاس نیازهای بین فردی بر اساس نظریه بین فردی خودکشی در جمعیت دانشجویان ایرانی بود.
روش: فرم انگلیسی مقیاس نیازهای بین فردی ابتدا توسط متخصصین به فارسی ترجمه و دوباره به انگلیسی بازگردانده شد. نمونه این مطالعه شامل 378 دانشجو از سه دانشگاه بود که از آنها خواسته شد بر پرسشنامه های پژوهش شامل مقیاس نیازهای بین فردی، پرسشنامه افکار خودکشی بک و مقیاس ناامیدی بک پاسخ بدهند.  ویژگی های روانسجی مقیاس با استفاده از روش های همسانی درونی، باز آزمایی، روایی محتوایی، روایی سازه و روایی همگرا مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته­ ها: ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای همه‌ی خرده مقیاس‌ها و کل مقیاس در هر دو جنس و کل شرکت‌کنندگان از نظر روان‌سنجی مطلوب بوده و ساختار عاملی پرسشنامه با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی، نشان­دهنده برازش قابل‌قبول ماده­ ها بوده است.  همچنین الگوی ضرایب همبستگی بین خرده مقیاس‌ها و روایی همگرای پرسشنامه که با مقیاس افکار خودکشی بک و ناامیدی بک سنجیده شد، روایی مطلوب این مقیاس را نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity of the Persian Version of the Suicidal Desire Scale Based on Interpersonal Suicide Theory (IPTS) in Iranian Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Alizadeh Birjandi 1
  • Masoud Janbozorgi 2
  • Seyed Kazem Rasoolzadeh Tabatabaee 3
  • Ali Fathi Ashtiani 4

1 Ph.D of Clinical psychology Imam Reza International University. Mashhad. Iran

2 Professor Department of Psychology, Institute of Domain and University Research, Qom, Iran

3 Associate Professor Department of Psychology ,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

4 Professor Department of Psychology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. Tehran. Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Given the importance of identifying at-risk individuals, it is necessary to have valid assessment tools. The aim of the present study, using an Iranian student population, was to investigates the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) based on the Interpersonal Suicide Theory (IPTS).
Method: Using translation and back-translation method, the English version of INQ was translated into the Persian language. The sample consisted of 378 students from three universities who were asked to complete the research measures including INQ, Beck Suicide Inventory and Beck Hopelessness Scale. The psychometric properties were then assessed through internal consistency, test-retest, content validity, construct validity and convergent validity methods.
Findings: Cronbach's alpha values were favorable for all subscales and the whole scale in both genders and all participants. The factor structure of the scale, using confirmatory factor analysis, showed acceptable material fit. Moreover, the correlation coefficients between the subscales and convergent validity with Beck Suicide Inventory and Beck Hopelessness Scale demonstrated the validity of the scale.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Factor Structure
  • Suicidal desire
  • Interpersonal Theory of Suicide
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