نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف آزمون مدل معادلات ساختاری پیش­بینی تعهد زناشویی بر اساس طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه شامل محرومیت هیجانی، رهاشدگی/ بی­ثباتی، و بی­اعتمادی/ بدرفتاری با در نظر گرفتن نقش میانجی گر نقش های جنسیتی انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع مطالعات همبستگی نوع تحلیل مسیر بود. پژوهش بر روی 300 نفر (168 مرد و 132 زن) از کارمندان متأهل شهر زنجان که به روش نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند، انجام شد. اطلاعات موردنیاز با استفاده از سیاهه تعهد زناشویی آدامز و جونز، پرسشنامه طرحواره­ یانگ – فرم کوتاه، و سیاهه نقش جنسیتی بم جمع‌آوری شدند. داده های پژوهش به روش تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری لیزرل مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان دادند که مدل فرضی پژوهش با داده‌های تجربی برازش مطلوب دارد. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که طرحواره محرومیت هیجانی با تعهد زناشویی همبستگی منفی و معنادار دارد. همچنین نقش جنسیتی مردانگی و زنانگی با تعهد زناشویی همبستگی مثبت و معناداری دارند. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که نقش های جنسیتی مردانگی و زنانگی در رابطه­ ی بین طرحواره محرومیت هیجانی و تعهد زناشویی نقش واسطه ­ای دارند. همچنین نقش جنسیتی مردانگی در رابطه­ ی بین طرحواره‌های رهاشدگی/ بی‌ثباتی، و بی­ اعتمادی/ بدرفتاری و تعهد زناشویی نقش واسطه ­ای دارد. با توجه به یافته ­های این پژوهش طراحی مداخلاتی در راستای آگاه­ سازی افراد نسبت به طرحواره ­هایشان و تعدیل آن در فرآیندهای مشاوره و روان­درمانی می تواند گام مؤثری در کمک به حل مشکلات زوجین باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas (Emotional Deprivation, Abandonment/Instability, and Mistrust/Abuse) in Marital Commitment: The Mediating Role of Gender Roles

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kobra Ghasemi, 1
  • Tahereh Elahi 2
  • Majid Yousefi Afrashteh 2

1 Graduated M.A, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 َAssociate Professor, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: This study was conducted with the aim of examining the structural equation model of predicting marital commitment based on the early maladaptive schemas of emotional deprivation, abandonment/instability, and mistrust/abuse mediated by the gender roles.
Method: The present research was a correlational study using the path analysis method. A total of 300 married employees (132 females and 168 males) were selected by the convenience sampling method. Data were collected using the Dimensions of Commitment Inventory (DCI), Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (SQ-SF), and Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). The path analysis analysis was conducted to examine the proposed model using LISREL software.
Findings: The results indicated that the hypothesized model had a good fit with the observed data. The findings showed that emotional deprivation schema is negativly correlated with marital commitment. Moreover, the gender roles of masculinity and femininity are positivly correlated with marital commitment. The path analysis showed that the relation between emotional deprivation schema and marital commitment is mediated by both gender roles. In addiction, the relations between abandonment/instability and mistrust/abuse schemas and marital commitment are mediated by the gender role of masculinity. According to the findings of this research, designing interventions aimed at increasing people's awareness of their maladaptive schemas and modifing them in counseling and psychotherapy processes can be helpful in solving couples' problems

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Early maladaptive schemas
  • marital commitment
  • gender roles
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