نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، کاشمر، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، کاشمر، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثربخشی گروه‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری مجازی بر حساسیت اضطرابی و نظم‌جویی هیجانی افراد مراجعه‌کننده به شبکه بهداشت و درمان عصمتیه کاشمر زمان پاندمی کووید-19 بود.
روش: روش این پژوهش آزمایشی از نوع پیش ­آزمون-پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه افراد مراجعه‌کننده به شبکه بهداشت و درمان عصمتیه شهرستان کاشمر در سال 1399 بود. از این جامعه آماری تعداد 150 نفر به روش نمونه­ گیری داوطلبانه و در دسترس به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. آن‌ها به پرسشنامه حساسیت اضطرابی و نظم­ جویی هیجانی پاسخ دادند (پیش­­آزمون) سپس از بین کسانی که معیارهای ورود به پژوهش (تمایل به شرکت در پژوهش، کسب نمره معیار در پرسشنامه ­ها، عدم ابتلا به بیماری روانی و جسمانی حاد، دسترسی به شبکه‌های مجازی) را داشتند، به روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی تعداد 60 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به تصادف در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند (هر گروه 30 نفر). گروه آزمایش به مدت 12 جلسه تحت گروه‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری به‌صورت مجازی قرار گرفتند و گروه کنترل مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. در پایان مجدداً هر دو گروه به ابزارهای پژوهش پاسخ دادند (پس ­آزمون). برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده ­ها از تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین نمرات گروه آزمایش و کنترل در مقیاس های حساسیت اضطرابی و تنظیم هیجان در مرحله پس‌آزمون تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0>p). بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش نتیجه می شود که گروه‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری مجازی می  تواند یک مداخله موثر جهت کاهش حساسیت اضطرابی و افزایش نظم­ جویی هیجانی افراد در زمان پاندمی کووید-19 قلمداد شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Virtual Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy on Anxiety Sensitivity and Emotional Regulation during the COVID-19 Pandemic

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elahe Ahangari 1
  • Mojtaba Bablhakami 2

1 Master's degree in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Kashmar, Iran

2 Master's degree in clinical psychology, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Kashmar, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of virtual cognitive-behavioral group therapy on anxiety sensitivity and emotional regulation in individuals referred to Esmatiyeh Health Care Center of Kashmar city during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Method: The design of this semi-experimental research was pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the study included all people who referred to Esmatiyeh Health Care Center of Kashmar city in 2020. From this statistical population, 150 people were selected as a sample by the voluntary and convenience sampling method. They were then asked to complete the questionnaires of anxiety sensitivity and emotional regulation (pre-test). From among those who met the inclusion criteria (willingness to participate in research, obtaining the criterion scores in questionnaires, not suffering from acute mental and physical illness, having access to virtual networks), 60 people were selected as a sample by random sampling method and were randomly assigned in experimental and control groups (30 people in each group). The experimental group received virtual cognitive-behavioral therapy group for 12 sessions and the control group did not receive any intervention. In the end, both groups were asked again to complete the research measures (post-test). Multivariate Analysis of Covariance was used to analyze the data.
Findings: The results showed that there were significant differences between the scores of the experimental and control groups in the scales of anxiety sensitivity and emotion regulation in the post-test phase (p <0.05). Based on the findings of this research, it is concluded that virtual cognitive-behavioral group therapy is a beneficial intervention in reducing anxiety sensitivity and increasing emotional regulation of people during the Covid-19 pandemic.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Virtual cognitive-behavioral group therapy
  • anxiety sensitivity
  • emotional regulation
  • covid-19 pandemic
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