نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی بالینی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

10.22067/tpccp.2022.72289.1158

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش کیفیت روابط ابژه در رضایت زناشویی با میانجی­گری نقش خود تمایزیافتگی و تنظیم شناختی هیجان انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی- همبستگی با رویکرد مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه‌ی آماری پژوهش کلیه‌ی افراد متأهل دارای تعارضات زناشویی مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک­ های روانشناسی و مشاوره شهر مشهد در سال 1400-1399 بودند که حداقل دو سال از ازدواجشان گذشته باشد. برای انتخاب نمونه از روش نمونه ­گیری در دسترس استفاده شد. از مجموع 300 پرسشنامه توزیع‌شده 260 پرسشنامه واجد ملاک‌های لازم جهت تجزیه‌وتحلیل تشخیص داده شد. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها شامل پرسشنامه ­های روابط ابژه، تنظیم شناختی هیجان، تمایزیافتگی خود و رضایت زناشویی بود. داده­ ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری تحلیل شدند.
 یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد که کیفیت روابط ابژه پیش­بینی کننده‌ی میزان رضایت زناشویی است (05/0>p). همچنین خود تمایزیافتگی و تنظیم شناختی منفی هیجان نقش میانجی را دارد (05/0>p)؛ بنابراین، چه در مشاوره­های پیش از ازدواج و چه در جلسات زوج‌درمانی اهمیت توجه متغیرهای مبتنی بر مفاهیم روانکاوی همچون کیفیت روابط ابژه و خود تمایزیافتگی و تنظیم مداخلات بر مبنای این مفاهیم با توجه به اینکه میزان دخالت خانواده و وابستگی به خانواده همواره به­ عنوان یکی از مهم­ترین علل طلاق مطرح بوده، اهمیت فراوانی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Mediating Role of Self-Differentiation and Cognitive Emotion Regulation in the Relationship between the Quality of Object Relationships and Marital Satisfaction

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Bashi Abdolabadi 1
  • Ghasem Ahi 2
  • Maryam Asle Zaker 3
  • Fateme Shahabi zade 4
  • Maryam Nasri 2

1 PhD in Clinical Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Departent of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Departent of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Birjand, Iran

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the role of the quality of object relationships on matrimonial satisfaction mediated by the self-differentiation and cognitive emotion regulation.
Method: The study was descriptive-correlational research using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method. The population included all people who were married for at least two years and visited psychological and counseling clinics in Mashhad, Iran, from the period time of 2020 to 21 due to suffering from marital conflicts. The participants were selected using the convenience sampling technique. From 300 questionnaires that were distributed among the participants, a total of 260 questionnaires fulfilled the required analysis criteria. The instruments for data collection included Bell’s object relations and reality testing inventory, the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire, the differentiation of self inventory, and the ENRICH marital satisfaction scale. The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique.
Findings: The findings showed that the quality of object relationships predicted the rates of matrimonial satisfaction (p>0/05). Moreover, the findings showed that the differentiation of self and negative cognitive emotion regulation played mediatory roles (p>0/05). Based of these findings, it is concluded that in both pre-marriage counseling and couples therapy programs, considering the quality of object relationships as well as the self-differentiation as the variables that are based on psychoanalytical concepts can be essential for designing beneficial interventions due to this assumption that the dependency on one’s family and the relatives’ interferences are always the most significant predictors of divorce.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Emotion Regulation
  • Marital Satisfaction
  • Quality of Object Relationships
  • Self-Differentiation
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